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Luna / 2018-01-09
A Gerber file for each section of your electronic circuit design is what you need if you want to create a PCB
In order to ensure delivery time and reliability of end products, PCB design engineers should learn to generate Gerber files on their own. Gerber files generally contain design data of Signal layer, soldermask layer and silkscreen layer.
Nowadays, three versions of Gerber formats are available:
• Gerber X2 - the newest Gerber format with stackup data and attributes contained.
• RS-274-X - an expanded version of Gerber format and it has been widely applied.
• RS-274-D - the oldest version of Gerber format which is being gradually replaced by RS-274-X
Different PCB design software feature different operation steps of Gerber files generation. In the following part of this article, Gerber file generation methods from Allegro will be displayed
Open your PCB layout in Allegro:
First, manually add artwork layers:
1.Click General parameters, setting as shown below:
2.Then click Film Control,add artwork layers:
Add a board outline by right-clicking on the TOP folder and picking Add Manual.
Determine a film name, OUTLINE for example and click OK button.
In the Subclass Selection window, expand BOARD GEOMETRY and tick in front of OUTLINE. Then, click OK button
Back to Artwork Control Form window, tick in front of OUTLINE if it has stayed in the area of Available films.
Use the same method to add other layers:
Assembly layer is similar to the picture below
All the signal layers are set similar to the picture below:
Drill layer is set similar to the picture below:
Silkscreen layers are set similar to the picture below:
Paste mask layers are set similar to the picture below:
Second, setting and output the drilling file
1. Add the drilling table
Open the Drill layer through the Views list of the Visibility option on the right side of the screen, and select both the PIN and Via options in the Visibility option, as shown below:
Then click Manufacture>>NC>>Drill Legend, as shown below:
The drilling table parameters are setting as shown below:
Click the OK button, a drilling table appears, placed in the appropriate place on the board.
2.Output the drilling file
The parameters are setting as shown below:
Output drilling files, as shown below, it is best to click the dirll button to generate .Dril files that are drilling files
With these steps finished, you need to re-confirm whether each parameter is set correctly, if there is no problem,press Select all button with all the layers output. Then, Gerber files will be generated when Create Artwork button is clicked.